The recovery of the Dutch economy is continuing; GDP is projected to grow by 2.0% this year and by 2.1% in 2016. This positive image is in line with developments elsewhere in Europe, with growth figures for the Netherlands at the upper end of the range. Inflation will rise again next year, by 1.2%.
Unemployment will decrease to 7.0% this year and 6.7% in 2016. The EMU deficit is expected to come to 0.8% in 2016. This according to CPB Netherlands Bureau for Policy Analysis in its June projections, published today.
For the Dutch economy for this year and the next, a respective increase of 2.0% and 2.1% is projected. All spending categories will contribute to this recovery. Relevant world trade will grow by 4.0% in 2015 and 5.2% in 2016. This fast increase is in keeping with the image of continuing recovery and involves an acceleration of exports. In 2015, household consumption and business investments are also expected to grow.
In the wake of the improving economy, employment is expected to increase both this year and the next. In the market sector, employment will grow by 0.9% in 2015 and 1.5% in 2016. Unemployment will decrease this year to 625,000 people and next year to 600,000.
Inflation (HICP) is low in the Netherlands, as in the rest of Europe, but has increased over the last months due to rising oil prices and a lower euro exchange rate compared to the US dollar. This is why this year’s projections were upwardly adjusted to 0.2%. For next year, inflation is expected to be 1.2%.
The government deficit will decrease in 2015 to 1.9% of GDP and next year to 0.8%. The continuing economic recovery will have a positive impact on tax revenues, and the expenditure on unemployment benefits will decline. The low-interest rates will curb government interest rate expenditure. These factors will partly offset the decline in natural gas revenues. Higher interest rates and lower natural gas revenues form a negative risk for the EMU balance, both in this year and the next. In 2016, the government deficit will be reduced by 0.3% of GDP due to an incidental deduction on the Dutch contribution to the European Union. The distance to the EMU balance that was agreed in the Government Agreement, therefore, will be substantially less than current projections suggest.