The number of people in paid employment has fallen by 13 thousand over the past three months. Fewer women hold paid jobs, and more women are unemployed. Altogether, 6.8 percent of the labour force (606 thousand individuals) were unemployed in November, about as many as three months ago, according to Statistics Netherlands (CBS).
In November this year, 427 thousand unemployment benefits were granted, i.e. 6 thousand more than in October 2015 and a small increase relative November 2014. Just as last month, sectors subject to seasonal variation, like agriculture and hotels and restaurants, predominantly accounted for the increase. Because many young people are employed in these sectors, the number of unemployment benefits to young people has shown a relatively sharp rise. In various areas, including education, the number of unemployment benefits declined in November.
Female unemployment up
The number of employed women has grown for more than a year, but over the past three months, the female share in the employed labour force has declined by 18 thousand (adjusted for seasonal effects). Simultaneously, unemployment among women was growing. Since the beginning of this year, unemployment has decreased among both genders, but since August, the share of unemployed women in the labour force has been on an upward trend.
In November, 7.4 percent in the female population were unemployed, versus 7.1 percent in August. With 6.3 percent, the unemployment rate among men was in fact lower in November than three months ago.
8.3 million people in paid employment
The 15 to 74-year-old population in the Netherlands comprises 12.7 million individuals. In November, 65.3 percent or 8.3 million people (4.5 million men and 3.8 million women) had paid jobs. Another 606 thousand were unemployed. During the past three months, unemployment has risen by an average of one thousand a month, whereas unemployment declined over the period February-July.
The remaining 3.8 million people in the age category 15-74 are not included in the labour force: they had no work, were not looking for jobs or not immediately available for the job market. With 2.2 million, women constitute the majority in this group.